When the Black and Tans were first deployed in Ireland in March 1920, they soon proved themselves to be a pretty brutal bunch. They were liberal with the use of their rifles, were often drunk and even engaged in arson and robbery.
The Tans were ex-servicemen, many of them scarred from their time in the trenches during World War One. In my novels I write about such veterans and their difficulty in adjusting to post-War life.
From intimidation, to physical assaults to outright murder, they were a law unto themselves who sowed fear amongst the communities they patrolled. My own grandfather, who was involved with the IRA during the War of Independence, felt their wrath when once they used pliers to pull a fingernail from his hand during an interrogation.
But there is one Black and Tan who has a special place amongst their ranks. His name is Private William Mitchell (pictured) and he holds the dubious claim to fame of being the only Tan or British soldier to be hung for crimes committed while in Ireland.
I came across the story of William Mitchell through historian Denise Kelly, who has produced a fascinating book on him, called Running With Crows: The Life And Death of a Black and Tan. Kelly has conducted impressive research to tell Mitchell’s tale, from his upbringing in the notorious Monto area of Dublin, through to his service with the British Army in India, then in World War I and, finally, in Ireland.
Mitchell was one of the 20-odd percent of Tans who were actually Irishmen. His career in the military was chequered to say the least – imprisoned for insubordination while on the front line, he served his sentence before being injured during a German attack and was sent home.
Mitchell was a petty criminal who, it would appear, got too ambitious and bit off more than he could chew during a robbery at the house of a local magistrate in Wicklow. The robbery was bungled and the magistrate was shot dead.
Tan outrages in Ireland had up ’til then gone unpunished but such was the furore over their lawlessness that an example was decided to be set in this case. Mitchell denied any involvement, but he was charged nonetheless. A rushed trial, with rather dubious evidence, would see to it that he paid the ultimate price.
Denise Kelly’s book paints a detailed picture of Mitchell, from birth to death, and gives fascinating insights into slum life in Dublin and what soldiering was really like in the fading days of the British Raj.
William Mitchell’s body remains in the soil of Mountjoy to this day, unclaimed by any relatives. His story is typical in so many ways of his comrades, yet his final penalty means that he will always be the anomaly – the Tan who was executed by his own side. It’s not much as epitaphs go, but it is enough to ensure a peculiar kind of notoriety in a time when the gun and the bullet ruled the day.
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The Forgotten Ten:
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Heritage Partner Comment by That's Just How It Was on July 7, 2015 at 11:42am
My Grandmother often spoke about 'thetan' being more brutal that any men of war ; shooting ;maiming ; torturing people , for walking on the same side of the road as them .
In my tribute to her ; That's Just How It Was - I did to convey this message to readers.
A brutal bunch of misfits sent over to Ireland to Brutalise the Irish in their own country
"Running With Crows" author DJ Kelly is a long-time member of TheWildGeese.Irish. I suggest anyone interested in keeping in closer touch 'friend' her here. Fellow member and novelist John J. Gaynor has reviewed her book. We launched a discussion of 'Tans in the (Family) Closet,' which we re-present here.
By all accounts the Auxiliaries were worse than the Tans.
I reviewed Denise's book myself, Gerry. It's a fascinating, well-researched story that gives a great glimpse into the slums of Dublin and into the Empire before it started to crumble
David, I wasn't sure if you intended your post here as a review. In any event, I'm sure Denise and other readers appreciate the additional perspective on her work and this history.
Yes, I appreciated this piece, for it shed light on the Tans and was a wonderful review.
Sincere thanks, David.
That's praise indeed coming from the author of two well-written adventures set in the same era. I thoroughly enjoyed your 'TAN'. The main character was well-rounded and sympathetically drawn and the story was historically accurate and engaging. David writes highly readable blogs, too, folks. He has a knack for finding highly unusual and fascinating facets of history. David, you should post a link to your history blog page on here. I know others would enjoy your blogs.
Thanks Clare and thank you Denise for the kind words. I wasn't sure if I permitted to post a link to my blog or post extracts from my novels. I see that Clare has done, so maybe it's allowed
Wasn't that wonderful of Denise to post? Nor was I sure of posting a link, but I saw that John Anthony Brennan did so and tried my hand! I always assume Ger has the stamp of approval on appropriateness. I see none of us as promoting our work, rather it's in the spirit of sharing something regarding Eire that may be of interest to our fellows!
Well, folks, tomorrow is the centenary of the execution of 'Tan' William Mitchell, and he gets a mention in today's Irish Independent. The article features Jim Herlihy's excellent new book on the Black & Tans, and Jim so kindly pointed the paper's well respected journalist, Alan O'Keeffe, in my direction, too. My book 'Running with Crows - The Life and Death of a Black and Tan' came out in 2013 but the topic has remained popular ever since and the book continues to sell. Next year will mark the centenary also of the implementation of the treaty which granted Ireland its independence, but which also saw partition of the island. I'm guessing that's why this centenary is not apparently being greatly celebrated in Dublin, or, if it is, events are not being widely publicised. By the way, the actual treaty itself was signed at Heatherden Hall. That Hall and its estate nowadays is home to Pinewood Studios and the James Bond sound stage, and it is just up the road from where I live.