is a real irony here. The OSS, predecessor to the CIA, was created by Colonel "Wild Bill" Donovan, whose grandfather was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, (which later became the IRA). While Donovan does not seem to have been a member of any Irish nationalist organization, he did have close personal and professional ties with a number of Irish nationalists including Eamnon DeValera and the pro-Irish Republican film director John Ford. The CIA and other Special Forces type organizations trace their methods of unconventional and guerrilla warfare directly back to the methods used by Michael Collins and the IRA during the Irish War of Independence. In fact you could argue that without the IRA, the CIA would never have come into existence. The British SOE deliberately copied the IRA's methods against British forces in the Irish War of Independence, while waging their own guerrilla warfare against the Nazi's in France during WW2. The OSS involvement with the SOE in this was the Jedburgh Groups operating in France. Many Jedburgh veterans went on to distinguished careers in the CIA and in Special Forces, including Jedburgh Aaron Bank claimed by many to be the founder of the US Army Special Forces or "Green Berets". So while I understand Paul Laverty's leftist hyperbole against the CIA, I do think it is ironic that the people whom the CIA learned from - the IRA - are the heroes of Laverty's film "The Wind That Shakes The Barley".
Now personally, I think that the IRA were heroes too - but Laverty's comments, so popular in modern Ireland, seem to demonstrate the schizophrenic thinking of many in Anti-America Ireland who condemn anything the United States does (simply because it's the United States doing it) while at the same time condoning the same or similar behavior of virtually any leftist group. To show how inept his argument is Laverty does not seem to be aware that through Operation Cyclone the CIA virtually created Osama Bin Laden when arming and financing the Afghan Mujahideen against the communist Russians during their invasion of Afghanistan. Sadly, like so many of his ilk in Ireland, Laverty seems so enraged and quick to condemn that he hasn't even gotten his facts straight.…
1821/ 24 by J.R. Donnelly Prof Emeritus Madison Wisconsin? He explains the real reasons behind the misunderstood Faction Fighting pointing out it was really a class war generally represented by the Caravats who were the champions of the poor/ the tenant cottiers and the Shanavests who represented the wealthier 'Snug' farmers and landlord/middlemen class. He is a first rate scholar of 19th C Irish history and this work helps explain exactly what led to the Tithe Wars...The Land League...Home Rule and eventually the War of Independence.
I dont want to spoil the read but Captain Rock was a blacksmith eventually emigrating to the US after turning informer. Later when we got our independence, the Irish Free State took over the workings of the Land Commission and were favourably disposed to the treatite forces when it came to the redistribution of this addtional million acres of land and the £30 million loan from the British Govt. Over the next couple of decades there were 400, 000 letters of complaint from farmers about other farmers not adhering to the conditions of their rental purchase. The hope was these complained of would be thrown off their land and the complainants might gain somehow.These small minded complaints were an embarrassment and on order of Government they were all pulped, and a real chance of knowing the truer nature of rural and perhaps urban Ireland was squandered.
When de Valera got power in 1933 he picked a row with britain over the repayment of these land annuities, as most of the beneficiaries of both land and loans were from the opposite political camp. Britain responded and as you know an embargo /tax levy was placed on all Irish agricultural produce. Many Snug farmers went bankrupt, which was music to de Valeras ears, giving him the opportunity of acquiring these 100 acre plus holdings and redistributing them into 25 acre farms among the less well off. This was to be a winning strategy for de Valera for decades.
Another aside was the dislike for the retired RIC in these times as they were also in receipt of large pension settlements which gave them a great advantage in buying up the land. They were generally of farming background and had to be vouched for on entry by A wealthy farmer or District Justice. For the most part they were instruments of Dublin Castle, a paramilitary Force and policing without consent. In the South more than 90% of its members were Catholic even though less than 10% of their number ever saw promotion.So I suppose one could say that a policemans lot was not a happy one (In Ireland) The 'Bobby' was an affectionate nickname for a policeman in England but in Ireland it was a 'Peeler' This is associated with the founder of the constabulary Robert Peele.
I am from an urban background but find it very difficult to identify sources for how the urban poor fared in the 19th and 20th Centuries. I know they had some protection from the Land League but would appreciate any information.